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Old Dec 25, 2008   #1
How do I make PHP echo a string?
How do I make PHP echo a string?

If someone could help me do this quickly, I will give you no Toricredits.

Thank you for your help!
veb is offline   Reply With Quote
Old Dec 25, 2008   #2
4th Dan Black Belt
Join Date: Aug 2006
Posts: 2,378
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void echo ( string $arg1 [, string $... ] )

Outputs all parameters.

echo() is not actually a function (it is a language construct), so you are not required to use parentheses with it. echo() (unlike some other language constructs) does not behave like a function, so it cannot always be used in the context of a function. Additionally, if you want to pass more than one parameter to echo(), the parameters must not be enclosed within parentheses.

echo() also has a shortcut syntax, where you can immediately follow the opening tag with an equals sign. This short syntax only works with the short_open_tag configuration setting enabled.
I have <?=$foo?> foo.


Example #1 echo() examples <?php echo "Hello World"; echo "This spans multiple lines. The newlines will be output as well"; echo "This spans\nmultiple lines. The newlines will be\noutput as well."; echo "Escaping characters is done \"Like this\"."; // You can use variables inside of an echo statement $foo = "foobar"; $bar = "barbaz"; echo "foo is $foo"; // foo is foobar // You can also use arrays $baz = array("value" => "foo"); echo "this is {$baz['value']} !"; // this is foo ! // Using single quotes will print the variable name, not the value echo 'foo is $foo'; // foo is $foo // If you are not using any other characters, you can just echo variables echo $foo; // foobar echo $foo,$bar; // foobarbarbaz // Some people prefer passing multiple parameters to echo over concatenation. echo 'This ', 'string ', 'was ', 'made ', 'with multiple parameters.', chr(10); echo 'This ' . 'string ' . 'was ' . 'made ' . 'with concatenation.' . "\n"; echo <<<END This uses the "here document" syntax to output multiple lines with $variable interpolation. Note that the here document terminator must appear on a line with just a semicolon. no extra whitespace! END; // Because echo does not behave like a function, the following code is invalid. ($some_var) ? echo 'true' : echo 'false'; // However, the following examples will work: ($some_var) ? print 'true' : print 'false'; // print is also a construct, but // it behaves like a function, so // it may be used in this context. echo $some_var ? 'true': 'false'; // changing the statement around ?>
Juntalis is offline   Reply With Quote
Old Dec 25, 2008   #3
Senior Member
God Belt
Join Date: Mar 2008
Posts: 815

PHP - Echo

As you saw in the previous lesson, the PHP command echo is a means of outputting text to the web browser. Throughout your PHP career you will be using the echo command more than any other. So let's give it a solid perusal!

Outputting a String

To output a string, like we have done in previous lessons, use PHP echo. You can place either a string variable or you can use quotes, like we do below, to create a string that the echo function will output.
PHP Code:
$myString = "Hello!";
echo $myString;
echo "<h5>I love using PHP!</h5>";
I love using PHP!

In the above example we output "Hello!" without a hitch. The text we are outputting is being sent to the user in the form of a web page, so it is important that we use proper HTML syntax!

In our second echo statement we use echo to write a valid Header 5 HTML statement. To do this we simply put the <h5> at the beginning of the string and closed it at the end of the string. Just because you're using PHP to make web pages does not mean you can forget about HTML syntax!
Careful When Echoing Quotes!

It is pretty cool that you can output HTML with PHP. However, you must be careful when using HTML code or any other string that includes quotes! Echo uses quotes to define the beginning and end of the string, so you must use one of the following tactics if your string contains quotations:
Don't use quotes inside your string
Escape your quotes that are within the string with a backslash. To escape a quote just place a backslash directly before the quotation mark, i.e. \"
Use single quotes (apostrophes) for quotes inside your string.

See our example below for the right and wrong use of echo:
PHP Code:
// This won't work because of the quotes around specialH5!
echo "<h5 class="specialH5">I love using PHP!</h5>";

// OK because we escaped the quotes!
echo "<h5 class=\"specialH5\">I love using PHP!</h5>";

// OK because we used an apostrophe '
echo "<h5 class='specialH5'>I love using PHP!</h5>";

If you want to output a string that includes quotations, either use an apostrophe ( ' ) or escape the quotations by placing a backslash in front of it ( \" ). The backslash will tell PHP that you want the quotation to be used within the string and NOT to be used to end echo's string.
Echoing Variables

Echoing variables is very easy. The PHP developers put in some extra work to make the common task of echoing all variables nearly foolproof! No quotations are required, even if the variable does not hold a string. Below is the correct format for echoing a variable.
PHP Code:
$my_string = "Hello Bob. My name is: ";
$my_number = 4;
$my_letter = a;
echo $my_string;
echo $my_number;
echo $my_letter;
Hello Bob. My name is: 4a
Echoing Variables and Text Strings

You can also place variables inside of double-quoted strings (e.g. "string here and a $variable"). By putting a variable inside the quotes (" ") you are telling PHP that you want it to grab the string value of that variable and use it in the string. The example below shows an example of this cool feature.
PHP Code:
$my_string = "Hello Bob. My name is: ";
echo "$my_string Bobettta <br />";
echo "Hi, I'm Bob. Who are you? $my_string <br />";
echo "Hi, I'm Bob. Who are you? $my_string Bobetta";
Hello Bob. My name is: Bobetta
Hi, I'm Bob. Who are you? Hello Bob. My name is:
Hi, I'm Bob. Who are you? Hello Bob. My name is: Bobetta

By placing variables inside a string you can save yourself some time and make your code easier to read, though it does take some getting used to. Remember to use double-quotes, single-quotes will not grab the value of the string. Single-quotes will just output the variable name to the string, like )$my_string), rather than (Hello Bob. My name is: ).

here you are(i think it is right;) )
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